Alfred Hitchcock: Dial © for Copyright, Part 3

British Films

  • For the first time: the complete copyright history of the Master’s British films
  • They’ve been fully protected in the UK and many other countries since they first premièred
  • Protection was extended worldwide, including America, decades ago but most fans remain unaware
  • Pirates and bootleggers exploit widespread ignorance and their cheap rip-offs outsell legit releases

Historian Nick Cooper continues clearing up the widespread confusion concerning the legal status of early works from the Master of Suspense.

Note: this is one of 50-odd Hitchcock articles coming over the next few months. Any dead links are to those not yet published. Subscribe to the email list to be notified when new ones appear.

Alfred Hitchcock poster by Matthew Brazier, 2012

Poster by Matthew Brazier, 2012

Different release years are often cited for some of Hitchcock’s silents; the later one is salient here, as that’s the official UK public release and copyright date. Each film’s historical copyright holders are listed here; for more details see their individual entries in the Alfred Hitchcock Collectors’ Guide.

Abbreviations

  • cd: co-director
  • cm: co-music
  • cw: co-writer
  • d: director
  • m: music
  • w: writer
  • CFD – Carlton Film Distributors, Limited – now ITV Global
  • UGC UK – now StudioCanal

Contents


Always Tell Your Wife (1923) – lost short

Seymour Hicks (cw/cd. 1871-1949), Hugh Croise (cw/cd. 1877-1950), Alfred Hitchcock (cd. 1899-1980)

UK

  • 1911 Act – Expires end of 1999 (Hicks’ death plus 50 years)
  • 1956 Act – Expires end of 2030 (Hitchcock’s death plus 50 years)
  • 1988 Act – Expires end of 2030 (Hitchcock’s death plus 50 years)
  • 1995 SI – Expires end of 2050 (Hitchcock’s death plus 70 years)

US

  • 1909 Act – Not registered; public domain
  • URA Act – Expires end of 1998; copyright created
  • CTE Act – Expires end of 2018

The Pleasure Garden (1925/27)

Miles Mander and Elizabeth Pappritz in The Pleasure Garden (1925, dir. Alfred Hitchcock)

Miles Mander and Elizabeth Pappritz in The Pleasure Garden (1925)

Eliot Stannard (w. 1888-1944), “Oliver Sandys” (Marguerite Florence Laura Jarvis – novel 1866-1964), Alfred Hitchcock (d. 1899-1980)

UK

  • 1911 Act – Expires end of 1994 (Stannard’s death plus 50 years)
  • 1956 Act – Expires end of 2030 (Hitchcock’s death plus 50 years)
  • 1988 Act – Expires end of 2030 (Hitchcock’s death plus 50 years)
  • 1995 SI – Expires end of 2050 (Hitchcock’s death plus 70 years)

US

  • 1909 Act – Not registered; public domain
  • URA Act – Expires end of 2002; copyright created
  • CTE Act – Expires end of 2022

Owners: ITV Global


The Mountain Eagle (1926/27) – lost

Max Ferner (cw. 1881-1940), Eliot Stannard (cw. 1888-1944), Charles Lapworth (story 1878-1951), Alfred Hitchcock (d. 1899-1980)

UK

  • 1911 Act – Expires end of 1990 (Ferner’s death plus 50 years)
  • 1956 Act – Expires end of 2030 (Hitchcock’s death plus 50 years)
  • 1988 Act – Expires end of 2030 (Hitchcock’s death plus 50 years)
  • 1995 SI – Expires end of 2050 (Hitchcock’s death plus 70 years)

US

  • 1909 Act – Not registered; public domain
  • URA Act – Expires end of 2002; copyright created
  • CTE Act – Expires end of 2022

Owners: ITV Global


The Lodger: A Story of the London Fog (1926/27)

Eliot Stannard w. 1888-1944), Marie Belloc Lowndes (novel 1868-1947), Alfred Hitchcock (d. 1899-1980)

UK

  • 1911 Act – Expires end of 1994 (Stannard’s death plus 50 years)
  • 1956 Act – Expires end of 2030 (Hitchcock’s death plus 50 years)
  • 1988 Act – Expires end of 2030 (Hitchcock’s death plus 50 years)
  • 1995 SI – Expires end of 2050 (Hitchcock’s death plus 70 years)

US

  • 1909 Act – Not registered; public domain
  • URA Act – Expires end of 2002; copyright created (NIE Carlton 22/08/97)
  • CTE Act – Expires end of 2022

Owners: ITV Global


Downhill (1927)

Eliot Stannard w. 1888-1944), Ivor Novello (play 1893-1951), Constance Collier (play 1878-1955), Alfred Hitchcock (d. 1899-1980)

UK

  • 1911 Act – Expires end of 1994 (Stannard’s death plus 50 years)
  • 1956 Act – Expires end of 2030 (Hitchcock’s death plus 50 years)
  • 1988 Act – Expires end of 2030 (Hitchcock’s death plus 50 years)
  • 1995 SI – Expires end of 2050 (Hitchcock’s death plus 70 years)

US

  • 1909 Act – Not registered; public domain
  • URA Act – Expires end of 2002; copyright created (NIE Carlton 30/01/98)
  • CTE Act – Expires end of 2022

Owners: ITV Global


Easy Virtue (1927/28)

Annette Benson and Robin Irvine in Easy Virtue (1927/28, dir. Alfred Hitchcock)

Annette Benson and Robin Irvine in Easy Virtue (1927/28)

Eliot Stannard (w. 1888-1944), Noël Coward (play 1899-1973), Alfred Hitchcock (d. 1899-1980)

UK

  • 1911 Act – Expires end of 1994 (Stannard’s death plus 50 years)
  • 1956 Act – Expires end of 2030 (Hitchcock’s death plus 50 years)
  • 1988 Act – Expires end of 2030 (Hitchcock’s death plus 50 years)
  • 1995 SI – Expires end of 2050 (Hitchcock’s death plus 70 years)

US

  • 1909 Act – Not registered; public domain
  • URA Act – Expires end of 2003; copyright created (NIE Carlton 22/08/97)
  • CTE Act – Expires end of 2023

Owners: ITV Global


The Ring (1927)

Alfred Hitchcock (w/d. 1899-1980)

UK

  • 1911 Act – Expires end of 2030 (Hitchcock’s death plus 50 years)
  • 1956 Act – Expires end of 2030 (Hitchcock’s death plus 50 years)
  • 1988 Act – Expires end of 2030 (Hitchcock’s death plus 50 years)
  • 1995 SI – Expires end of 2050 (Hitchcock’s death plus 70 years)

US

  • 1909 Act – Not registered; public domain
  • URA Act – Expires end of 2002; copyright created (NIE Carlton 22/08/97)
  • CTE Act – Expires end of 2022

Owners: StudioCanal

Some sources state Alma Reville (1899-1982)LINK worked on the script. If recognised for the purpose of calculating the terms, it would increase them by two years.


The Farmer’s Wife (1928)

Eliot Stannard (cw. 1888-1944), Eden Phillpotts (cw. 1862-1960), Alfred Hitchcock (d. 1899-1980)

UK

  • 1911 Act – Expires end of 1994 (Stannard’s death plus 50 years)
  • 1956 Act – Expires end of 2030 (Hitchcock’s death plus 50 years)
  • 1988 Act – Expires end of 2030 (Hitchcock’s death plus 50 years)
  • 1995 SI – Expires end of 2050 (Hitchcock’s death plus 70 years)

Note: Leslie Arliss (1901-1987) worked on the script but was uncredited, and thus may be discounted. If not, it would add seven years to the terms between the 1956 and 1989 Acts/1995 SI.

US

  • 1909 Act – Not registered; public domain
  • URA Act – Expires end of 2003; copyright created
  • CTE Act – Expires end of 2023

Owners: StudioCanal


Champagne (1928)

Eliot Stannard (cw. 1888-1944), Walter C. Mycroft (story 1890-1959), Alfred Hitchcock (cw/d. 1899-1980)

UK

  • 1911 Act – Expires end of 1994 (Stannard’s death plus 50 years)
  • 1956 Act – Expires end of 2030 (Hitchcock’s death plus 50 years)
  • 1988 Act – Expires end of 2030 (Hitchcock’s death plus 50 years)
  • 1995 SI – Expires end of 2050 (Hitchcock’s death plus 70 years)

US

  • 1909 Act – Not registered; public domain
  • URA Act – Expires end of 2003; copyright created (NIE UGC Carlton 22/08/97)
  • CTE Act – Expires end of 2023

Owners: StudioCanal


The Manxman (1929)

Hall Caine (novel 1853-1931), Eliot Stannard (w. 1888-1944), Alfred Hitchcock (cw/d. 1899-1980)

UK

  • 1911 Act – Expires end of 1981 (Caine’s death plus 50 years)
  • 1956 Act – Expires end of 2030 (Hitchcock’s death plus 50 years)
  • 1988 Act – Expires end of 2030 (Hitchcock’s death plus 50 years)
  • 1995 SI – Expires end of 2050 (Hitchcock’s death plus 70 years)

US

  • 1909 Act – Not registered; public domain
  • URA Act – Expires end of 2004; copyright created (NIE UGC 22/08/97)
  • CTE Act – Expires end of 2024

Owners: StudioCanal


Blackmail (1929)

Blackmail (1929, dir. Alfred Hitchcock) Australian daybill poster

Australian daybill poster

Hubert Bath (m. arr. 1883-1945), Reg Conelly (m. 1895/1898-1963), James Campbell (m. 1903-1967), Benn W Levy (cw. 1900-1973), Alfred Hitchcock (cw/d. 1899-1980), Charles Bennett (play 1899-1995)

UK

  • 1911 Act – Expires end of 2023 (Levy’s death plus 50 years)
  • 1956 Act – Expires end of 2045 (Bennett’s death plus 50 years)
  • 1988 Act – Expires end of 2045 (Bennett’s death plus 50 years)
  • 1995 SI – Expires end of 2065 (Bennett’s death plus 50 years)

Note: Britain’s first talkie, it was made and released in both silent and sound versions. The latter features a song by Bill Mayerl (1902-1959), which does not affect any of the above terms.

US

Owners: StudioCanal


An Elastic Affair (1930) – lost short

Alfred Hitchcock (d. 1899-1980)

UK

  • 1911 Act – Expires end of 2030 (Hitchcock’s death plus 50 years)
  • 1956 Act – Expires end of 2030 (Hitchcock’s death plus 50 years)
  • 1988 Act – Expires end of 2030 (Hitchcock’s death plus 50 years)
  • 1995 SI – Expires end of 2050 (Hitchcock’s death plus 70 years)

US

  • 1909 Act – Not registered; public domain
  • URA Act – Expires end of 2005; copyright created
  • CTE Act – Expires end of 2025

Elstree Calling (1930)

Adrian Brunel (cw/cd. 1892-1958), Val Valentine (cw. 1895-1971), Alfred Hitchcock (cd. 1899-1980)

UK

  • 1911 Act – Expires end of 2008 (Brunel’s death plus 50 years)
  • 1956 Act – Expires end of 2030 (Hitchcock’s death plus 50 years)
  • 1988 Act – Expires end of 2030 (Hitchcock’s death plus 50 years)
  • 1995 SI – Expires end of 2050 (Hitchcock’s death plus 70 years)

US

  • 1909 Act – Not Registered; public domain
  • URA Act – Expires end of 2005; copyright created (NIE UGC 22/08/97)
  • CTE Act – Expires end of 2025

Note: Despite various sources claiming otherwise, there’s no actual evidence of any other directors being called in to help complete the picture. See Hitchcock Lost and Found: The Forgotten Films (2015, also on Kindle) by Charles Barr (1999), pp 88-97.

Owners: StudioCanal


Juno and the Paycock (1930)

Seán O’Casey (play 1880-1964), Alfred Hitchcock (cw/d. 1899-1980), Alma Reville (cw. 1899-1982)

UK

  • 1911 Act – Expires end of 2014 (O’Casey’s death plus 50 years)
  • 1956 Act – Expires end of 2032 (Reville’s death plus 50 years)
  • 1988 Act – Expires end of 2032 (Reville’s death plus 50 years)
  • 1995 SI – Expires end of 2052 (Reville’s death plus 70 years)

US

  • 1909 Act – Not registered; public domain
  • URA Act – Expires end of 2005; copyright created (NIE UGC 22/08/97)
  • CTE Act – Expires end of 2025

Owners: StudioCanal


Murder! (1930)

Helen Simpson (play 1897–1940), Walter C Mycroft (cw 1890-1959), Clemence Dane (play 1888-1965), Alfred Hitchcock (cw/d. 1899-1980), Alma Reville (cw. 1899-1982)

UK

1911 Act – Expires end of 1990 (Simpson’s death plus 50 years)

1956 Act – Expires end of 2032 (Reville’s death plus 50 years)

1988 Act – Expires end of 2032 (Reville’s death plus 50 years)

1995 SI – Expires end of 2052 (Reville’s death plus 70 years)

US

Owners: StudioCanal


The Skin Game (1931)

John Galsworthy (play 1867–1933), Alfred Hitchcock (cw/d. 1899-1980), Alma Reville (cw. 1899-1982)

UK

  • 1911 Act – Expires end of 1983 (Galsworthy’s death plus 50 years)
  • 1956 Act – Expires end of 2032 (Reville’s death plus 50 years)
  • 1988 Act – Expires end of 2032 (Reville’s death plus 50 years)
  • 1995 SI – Expires end of 2052 (Reville’s death plus 70 years)

US

Owners: StudioCanal


Mary (1931)

Helen Simpson (play 1897–1940), Herbert Juttke (cw. 1897–1952), Georg C. Klaren (cw. 1900–1962), Clemence Dane (play 1888-1965), Alfred Hitchcock (cw/d. 1899-1980), Alma Reville (cw. 1899-1982)

UK

  • 1911 Act – Expires end of 1990 (Simpson’s death plus 50 years)
  • 1956 Act – Expires end of 2032 (Reville’s death plus 50 years)
  • 1988 Act – Expires end of 2032 (Reville’s death plus 50 years)
  • 1995 SI – Expires end of 2052 (Reville’s death plus 70 years)

US

  • 1909 Act – Not Registered; public domain
  • URA Act – Expires end of 2006; copyright created
  • CTE Act – Expires end of 2026

Owners: StudioCanal


Rich and Strange (1931)

Henry Kendall and Joan Barry in Rich and Strange (1931, dir. Alfred Hitchcock)

Henry Kendall and Joan Barry in Rich and Strange (1931)

Dale Collins (1897–1956), Val Valentine (cw. 1895-1971), Alfred Hitchcock (d. 1899-1980), Alma Reville (cw. 1899-1982)

UK

  • 1911 Act – Expires end of 2006 (Collins’s death plus 50 years)
  • 1956 Act – Expires end of 2032 (Reville’s death plus 50 years)
  • 1988 Act – Expires end of 2032 (Reville’s death plus 50 years)
  • 1995 SI – Expires end of 2052 (Reville’s death plus 70 years)

US

  • 1909 Act – Not Registered; public domain
  • URA Act – Expires end of 2006; copyright created (NIE UGC 22/08/97)
  • CTE Act – Expires end of 2026

Owners: StudioCanal


Number Seventeen (1932)

Joseph Jefferson Farjeon (play 1883-1955), Alfred Hitchcock (cw/d. 1899-1980), Alma Reville (cw. 1899-1982), Rodney Ackland (cw. 1908-1991)

UK

  • 1911 Act – Expires end of 2005 (Farjeon’s death plus 50 years)
  • 1956 Act – Expires end of 2041 (Ackland’s death plus 50 years)
  • 1988 Act – Expires end of 2041 (Ackland’s death plus 50 years)
  • 1995 SI – Expires end of 2061 (Ackland’s death plus 70 years)

US

  • 1909 Act – Not Registered; public domain
  • URA Act – Expires end of 2007; copyright created (NIE UGC 22/08/97)
  • CTE Act – Expires end of 2027

Owners: StudioCanal


Waltzes from Vienna (1934)

Hubert Bath (cm. 1883-1945), Louis Levy (cm. 1894-1957), Guy Bolton (cw. 1884-1979), Alfred Hitchcock (d. 1899-1980), Alma Reville (cw. 1899-1982)

UK

  • 1911 Act – Expires end of 2029 (Bolton’s death plus 50 years)
  • 1956 Act – Expires end of 2032 (Reville’s death plus 50 years)
  • 1988 Act – Expires end of 2032 (Reville’s death plus 50 years)
  • 1995 SI – Expires end of 2052 (Reville’s death plus 70 years)

Note: Based on a stage musical with libretto by Alfred Maria Willner (1859-1929), Heinz Reichart (1877–1940), and Ernst Marischka (1893-1963), and with musical arrangements of Strauss (father and son) by Erich Wolfgang Korngold (1897–1957), and Julius Bittner (1874–1939). This does not affect the above terms, except in as much as Reichart and/or Marischka may have been counted under the 1911 Act.

US

  • 1909 Act – Not Registered; public domain
  • URA Act – Expires end of 2009; copyright created
  • CTE Act – Expires end of 2029

Owners: ITV Global


The Man Who Knew Too Much (1934)

Edwin Greenwood (cw. 1895–1939), D B Wyndham-Lewis (cw. 1891-1969), Alfred Hitchcock (d. 1899-1980), A R Rawlinson (1894–1984), Charles Bennett (cw. 1899-1995)

UK

  • 1911 Act – Expires end of 1995 (Bennett’s death)
  • 1956 Act – Expires end of 2045 (Bennett’s death plus 50 years)
  • 1988 Act – Expires end of 2045 (Bennett’s death plus 50 years)
  • 1995 SI – Expires end of 2065 (Bennett’s death plus 70 years)

US


The 39 Steps (1935)

The 39 Steps (1935, dir. Alfred Hitchcock) US pressbook posters. This film was in the US public domain from 1964-1995.

US pressbook posters. This film was in the US public domain from 1964-1995.

John Buchan (novel 1875-1940), John Hay (cw. 1876-1952), Alfred Hitchcock (d. 1899-1980), Charles Bennett (cw. 1899-1995)

UK

  • 1911 Act – Expires end of 1995 (Bennett’s death)
  • 1956 Act – Expires end of 2045 (Bennett’s death plus 50 years)
  • 1988 Act – Expires end of 2045 (Bennett’s death plus 50 years)
  • 1995 SI – Expires end of 2065 (Bennett’s death plus 70 years)

US


Secret Agent (1936)

John Hay (cw. 1876-1952), W. Somerset Maugham (stories 1874-1965), Alfred Hitchcock (d. 1899-1980), Alma Reville (cw. 1899-1982), Charles Bennett (cw. 1899-1995)

UK

  • 1911 Act – Expires end of 2002 (Hays’s death plus 50 years)
  • 1956 Act – Expires end of 2045 (Bennett’s death plus 50 years)
  • 1988 Act – Expires end of 2045 (Bennett’s death plus 50 years)
  • 1995 SI – Expires end of 2065 (Bennett’s death plus 70 years)

US


Sabotage (1936)

Joseph Conrad (novel 1857-1924), Anthony Armstrong (1897–1972), Alfred Hitchcock (d. 1899-1980), Charles Bennett (w. 1899-1995)

UK

  • 1911 Act – Expires end of 2030 (Hitchcock’s death plus 50 years)
  • 1956 Act – Expires end of 2045 (Bennett’s death plus 50 years)
  • 1988 Act – Expires end of 2045 (Bennett’s death plus 50 years)
  • 1995 SI – Expires end of 2065 (Bennett’s death plus 70 years)

US


Young and Innocent (1937)

Edwin Greenwood (cw. 1895–1939), Josephine Tey (novel 1896–1952), Alfred Hitchcock (d. 1899-1980), Charles Bennett (cw. 1899-1995)

UK

  • 1911 Act – Expires end of 1995 (Bennett’s death)
  • 1956 Act – Expires end of 2045 (Bennett’s death plus 50 years)
  • 1988 Act – Expires end of 2045 (Bennett’s death plus 50 years)
  • 1995 SI – Expires end of 2065 (Bennett’s death plus 70 years)

US

  • 1909 Act – Not Registered; public domain
  • URA Act – Expires end of 2012; copyright created (NIE Carlton 22/08/97)
  • CTE Act – Expires end of 2032

Some sources state Alma Reville also worked on the script, but it does not affect any of the above terms.


The Lady Vanishes (1938)

The Lady Vanishes (1938, dir. Alfred Hitchcock) poster by Esther Goh, 2015

Poster by Esther Goh, 2015

Alfred Hitchcock (d. 1899-1980), Alma Reville (cw. 1899-1982), Sidney Gilliat (cw. 1908-1994), Frank Launder (cw. 1906-1997)

UK

  • 1911 Act – Expires end of 2030 (Hitchcock’s death plus 50 years)
  • 1956 Act – Expires end of 2047 (Launder’s death plus 50 years)
  • 1988 Act – Expires end of 2047 (Launder’s death plus 50 years)
  • 1995 SI – Expires end of 2067 (Launder’s death plus 70 years)

US

  • 1909 Act – Not Registered; public domain
  • URA Act – Expires end of 2013; copyright created (Carlton 22/08/97)
  • CTE Act – Expires end of 2033

Jamaica Inn (1939)

Alfred Hitchcock (d. 1899-1980), Alma Reville (cw. 1899-1982), J B Priestley (cw. 1894–1984), Daphne du Maurier (novel 1907-1989), Sidney Gilliat (cw. 1908-1994), Joan Harrison (cw. 1907-1994)

UK

  • 1911 Act – Expires end of 2030 (Hitchcock’s death plus 50 years)
  • 1956 Act – Expires end of 2044 (Harrison’s death plus 50 years)
  • 1988 Act – Expires end of 2044 (Harrison’s death plus 50 years)
  • 1995 SI – Expires end of 2064 (Harrison’s death plus 70 years)

US

  • 1909 Act – Registered 02/09/1939 [7277]; expired end 1967
  • Not renewed; public domain
  • URA Act – Expires end of 2014; copyright restored
  • CTE Act – Expires end of 2034


Bon Voyage and Aventure Malgache (1944) – shorts

UK

  • 1911 Act – Perpetual (Crown Copyright – unpublished)
  • 1956 Act – Perpetual (Crown Copyright – unpublished)
  • 1988 Act/1995 SI – Expires end of 2043 (Crown Copyright – publication plus 50 years)

US

  • 1909 Act – Not registered; public domain
  • URA Act – Expires end of 2068, copyright created
  • CTE Act – Expires end of 2088

Both films were released on VHS by Milestone Films in the US in 1993 and Connoisseur/BFI in the UK in 1995, and were screened on BBC2 in September 1994.

Alfred Hitchcock: Dial © for Copyright, Part 4


Nick Cooper © 2018. Other works:

Alfred Hitchcock on the set of Sabotage (1936) caricature by Al Hirschfeld

Alfred Hitchcock on the set of Sabotage (1936) by Al Hirschfeld; original version.


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I have a life-long fascination with the works of H.G. Wells, particularly his troubled film collaborations with Alexander Korda, reflected in my contributions to the Network DVD and Blu-ray releases of Things to Come (1936). This has led to a wider interest in 1930s British films, and in particular issues of preservation, availability, and – inevitably – copyright status. The social context of 1930s cinema overlaps somewhat with my work on the Home Front during the Second World War, via my books London Underground at War (2014, Kindle) and City on Fire: Kingston upon Hull 1939–45 (2017, Kindle). Tube Screen, an in-depth guide to the London Underground in film and television is due to be published in 2019, followed by a definitive account of the production and history of Things to Come.

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